Road Safety tips on driving vehicles

Before on Safe Drive

Before Driving

  • � Check your vehicle and road condition for driving.
  • � Should always carry your Driving License, registration certificate, insurance certificate, pollution control certificate, permits and vehicle fitness certificates with you.
  • Vehicles should not be drive

  • � During consumption of Alcohol Impaired Driving.
  • � When tired, sick or injured, angry or upset.
  • Knew - your vehicle before on drive

  • � Should know the features of vehicle while going to drive. Example - Anti-lock brakes, 4-wheel drive.
  • � Should be able to turn on wipers, washers, headlights, indicators etc.
  • Knew -your blind spots for drive

  • Blind spot is an area on each side of the vehicle that cannot be seen through the mirrors. Mostly blind spots are the back left and right of the vehicle. So adjust the mirrors to get the maximum view and identify your blind spots.
  • Fasten your seat belt

  • Fasten the seat belt before you start. It should be worn comfortable to keep you safe in your seat in time of collision occurs.
  • Turn on headlights

  • Always turn on the vehicle headlights around 30 minutes before sunset and after sunrise. Turn on your lights when fog or rain reduces your visibility.
  • Tyres

  • Check out the pressure of the tires. Proper tire pressure provides better mileage and safer driving. Check tires for damage or wear.
  • Start Driving - For Safe Drive

    Keep left

    Keep always left to the road or in left-hand lane on multi-lane roads, unless you want to turn right or to overtake another vehicle.

    Use indicators

    Indicators inform other drivers that what you want to do, so that they can make adjustments accordingly.

    Keep a Safe Distance

    Maintain a safe distance from other vehicles. Whenever you follow another vehicle; you need enough space to stop safely if the other vehicle breaks suddenly. A safe following distance is at least two seconds behind the vehicle in front of you. This is the minimum reaction time you need to stop safely.

    Stopping The Vehicle

  • � You should check the mirrors to stop the vehicles smoothly. Sit properly so that breaking is easy. Use your right foot for both break and accelerator pedals so you won�t step on both pedals at the same time. Press the break pedal evenly.
  • � Do not press the clutch or release the gears from the distance.
  • Sharing the road

  • � Vehicles like cycles, rickshaws, mopeds, etc, which are moving slowly should keep close to the left hand side of the road.
  • � A truck being larger and heavier needs a longer distance to stop. Give an indication before turning, slowing or stopping so that the trucks behind you get enough time to brake.
  • Overtaking

  • � Overtake of other vehicles should be strictly avoided, unless you are sure that there is no danger for yourself and others.
  • � Use your right-turn indicator to show that you want to overtake.
  • � Watch out for scooters or motor cycles that may be hidden from view in front of the vehicle you are about to overtake.
  • � After overtaking, give indicator that tells that you want to get back into the lane where you started from.
  • Backing up/Reversing

    Move slowly and take extra care while reversing your vehicle. Before reversing, check the way behind you is clear. Be extra careful to look for children and cyclists. Put the vehicle in the reverse gear and turn sideways in your seat to look over your shoulder in the direction you are moving. Hold the steering wheel firmly.


    � To make U-turn, signal for a right turn, check your mirror and pull over to the right side of the road. Stop, signal a right turn and when traffic is clear in both directions, move forward and turn quickly and sharply into the opposite lane.

    Parking - Stop Driving

    Basic parking rules:

  • � Do not park the vehicle on the part of a road where traffic is flowing.
  • � Do not park the vehicle where you do not have any clear view for at least 50 meters in directions.
  • � Park the vehicle where it will not block.
  • � Look around and make sure before opening the door. Close the door as soon as you can.
  • � Park your vehicle on the left side in the direction of the traffic.
  • � After parking your vehicle, always turn off the ignition and the lights, remove the key and lock the door to stop theft.
  • Dealing with particular situations

    Workers on the road

    Drive slowly and very carefully through out the construction zones and areas. Obey the warning signs and directing traffic through the area. Adjust the speed as per the condition. Do not change lanes and watch for workers and construction vehicles on the road.

    Animals on the road

    Animals, especially cows, may come on the road often from any side. Be alert when animals come and slow down. Animals on roads are a major cause of accidents.

    Mobile phones

    While on driving stop using mobile phones because while talking on mobile might divert your attention and hence it leads to accident.

    Emergency vehicles

    If you listen any siren sound or any flash light of the police, fire, ambulance or an escort vehicle, get out of the way as soon as you can. Get to the left side and slow down till that vehicle passes you.


    Fog/Rain reduces visibility of the drivers, resulting in very difficult driving conditions. Avoid driving in fog; plan your trip so that you drive when the fog clears off.

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